Naegleria fowleri, the "brain-eating amoeba," poses a rare yet severe threat.

Found in warm freshwater and soil, these amoebas can thrive in lakes, hot springs, and poorly maintained pools.

 Entry occurs through the nose, leading to primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) when it reaches the brain.

Contrary to the nickname, the amoeba doesn't consume the brain but causes a potentially fatal brain infection.

 Nose clips, avoiding poorly maintained water sources, and chlorinating swimming pools help reduce infection risks.

Symptoms of PAM appear 5-7 days after exposure to Naegleria fowleri.

 Initial signs include severe headaches, high fever, nausea, vomiting, and a stiff neck.

Seizures, altered mental status, loss of appetite, sensitivity to light, and fatigue follow as the infection progresses.

Onset and progression vary, with some experiencing rapid neurological deterioration leading to a coma and death.

Due to the rapid nature of PAM, seeking prompt medical help is crucial